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思考风景园林专业科学革命的本质

Considering the Nature of a Scientific Revolution in Landscape Architecture

【Author in Chinese】 帕特里克·穆尼蔡扬陈冠云

【Author】 Patrick Mooney;CAI Yang;CHEN Guan-yun;the School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture at the University of British Columbia;

【Institution】 英属哥伦比亚大学建筑与风景园林学院北京大学建筑与景观设计学院

【Abstract in Chinese】 在风景园林行业,关于景观多功能性以及可持续性最大化的议题正在迅速增多,并极有可能成为本行业的核心范式。这种范式是一种重要和必然的发展趋势,它反映了全球的迫切需求,同时要求科学知识在景观规划与设计中得到充分应用。追溯了景观设计中此种范式的发展历史,并探讨了科学革命本质的成长与发展轨迹。以此为背景,认为景观效能最大化需要在整个设计过程中应用科学知识,一旦能实现全方位的效益,那设计中存在的就是协同效应而非取舍。拥有更丰富的生物多样性及更少的空气污染并不意味着人们需要接受一个较差的景观体验以及拥有较少的娱乐活动和身心修复。讨论了应用科学知识进行场地设计的方法,该方法力求实现生态系统服务范围最大化。以不列颠哥伦比亚省温哥华市的一个可持续性滨水社区为例,阐述了科学理解、生态系统服务和可持续设计实践三者之间的联系,并特别强调运用经验科学来支持人的体验与福祉。

【Abstract】 Within the profession of landscape architecture, concern for maximizing the performance of multi-functional and sustainable landscapes is growing rapidly and may well become the dominant paradigm of the profession. This is an important and necessary development that responds to urgent global needs and requires the application of scientific knowledge to landscape planning and design. This paper traces the historic development of this paradigm in landscape architecture and discusses its growth and trajectory with respect to the nature of scientific revolutions. With this discussion as context, the author contends that maximizing landscape performance requires the application of scientific knowledge throughout the design process, if the fullest range of benefits is to be achieved and that, with this understanding, synergies may be achieved rather than trade-offs having to be made. Having more biodiversity and less air pollution does not mean accepting a weaker landscape experience and having less recreation and restoration. This paper will discuss the application of scientific knowledge to place design using a methodology that seeks to maximize the fullest range of ecosystem services. A new sustainable waterfront community in Vancouver, British Columbia will be used to illustrate the connections between scientific understandings, ecosystem services, and sustainable design practices with particular emphasis on the use of empirical science to support human experience and wellbeing.

  • 【CLC code】TU986
  • 【Downloads】524
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